Something very important about the USA PATRIOT ACT is that it was passed only 45 days after the 9/11/01 terrorist attacks. This subject was talked about by millions of people in the internet blogs relating the causes and the motives behind the whole scheme of the attacks. I am not a person with a mind full of conspiracy theories... but it makes me wonder, why was it so easy to write and pass into law a bill so important? This is a bill that gives all the law enforcement agencies the authority given to the CIA, NSA, and the other 19 agencies, congressional oversight committes, and Presidential Intelligence Teams which form the Intelligence Community of the United States of America. And at the same time this bill gives authority to all the agencies of the Intelligence Community to become FBIs.
Sec. 206. Roving surveillance authority under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978
Section 206 modernizes the FISA wiretap authority by giving federal officials permission to have a single wiretap legally "roam" from device to device. That way, the person or entity is tapped, not just a specific phone or computer. The roving tap authority encompasses voice mail or e-mail from several different Internet accounts.
Sec. 210. Scope of subpoenas for records of electronic communications
Section 210 has to do with the information that law enforcement officials may obtain from ISPs or remote computing services regarding a customer of those services. The government may have access to a customer's means and source of payment, as well as Internet session times, durations, and IP addresses.
Sec. 212. Emergency disclosure of electronic communications to protect life and limb
Section 212 allows Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to give records or other information to a law enforcement agency, but not content of communications, pertaining to a customer if the ISP believes there is immediate danger of death or serious physical injury.
Sec. 213. Authority for delaying notice of the execution of a warrant
Section 213 gives authority to the government to delay notice of the execution of a warrant.
Sec. 215. Access to records and other items under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act
Section 215 prohibits an individual or organization from revealing that it has given records to the federal government, following a USA PATRIOT act investigation. This means that an ISP, business, or even library with Internet access can be made to turn over records about clients, but cannot tell the clients that this has been done. The person who has been investigated will never be told that he has been under scrutiny, even if there is never any evidence of his wrongdoing.
Sec. 216. Modification of authorities relating to use of pen registers and trap and trace devices
Section 216 of the USA PATRIOT Act concerns pen register and trap and trace statute. The pen register is used to collect non-content bearing information associated with communications. It is permitted to use devices to trace communications on the Internet.
Sec. 217. Interception of computer trespasser communications
Section 217 defines the term "computer trespassers" to mean anyone who accesses a protected computer (any computer connected to the Internet) without authorization. It allows law enforcement agencies to intercept the wire or electronic communications of a computer trespasser.
Sec. 220. Nationwide service of search warrants for electronic evidence
Section 220 allows nationwide warrants for e-mail, in order to speed up investigations by not having to obtain warrants in distant jurisdictions